The London Chess System or Chess London System is a Queen’s Pawn Opening in which white develops his dark-squared bishop to f4. The next chess move order is typically 1. d4 d5 2. Nf3 Nf6 3. Bf4. There is nothing crazy with White’s opening here, it develops soundly but modestly. As opposed to the Colle strategy, White develops his bishop outside the pawn chain. The moves he makes next will depend on Black’s set-up. White follows two general strategies
- Black plays …c7-c5 and White responds c2-c3. White develop Nbd2;
- Black does not play …c7-c5 and White hit with c2-c4. In general, White develops with Nc3 later in the game.
Another one is White plays 1.d4, rather than Queen’s Gambit, in a Queen’s Pawn Game. Similar to the Colle System, the London System moves the queen’s bishop to f4 before closing the position, allowing a more flexible move. Among the shrewd tactical players who have experimented with the London System are Vladko Kovaevi and David Bronstein
History of London Chess System
London’s first game in history was Mason-Blackburne, 1883, between two grandmasters. Over the next few years, Blackburne was a leading exponent of the opening.
The tournament of London of 1922 was won by José Raúl Capablancaan undefeated 13/15 (with four draws) and Alekhine came in second. Just one year before, Jose Raul Capablanca captured Emanuel Lasker’s crown as chess’ king. The last time Capablanca performed was in 1927 when Alexander Alekhine replaced him. Several high-profile grandmasters have addressed this opening, including Magnus Carlsen, Kamsky, Grachev, and others.
Chess openings based on the London System provide white with a secure and stable opening. London is fundamentally sound and can usually be prepared. When reaching the London setup, opponents may be able to recognize an incorrect move order. Players can take advantage of both the offensive and defensive aspects of this opening. White has plenty of chances for tactical advantage even though the position appears very straightforward. Even more so when you attack the black king by launching a kingside attack. Watch out for early mistakes by your opponent, even in quiet openings. A skillful player can reap quick rewards if he responds promptly to the opportunity.
- Keeping on top of this chess opening will be very rewarding if you commit to it. It is worth your time to invest.
- It’s impossible to avoid tactics altogether as a positional player, but you can choose quieter lines by knowing this.
- This opening has been the target of numerous attempts to thwart it, but its brashness still attracts players like Magnus Carlsen and Gata Kamsky.
- The London Chess System is an opening that White can play comfortably without much effort due to its easy-to-learn nature.
- London Chess System may be most suitable for those who wish to achieve a comfortable middlegame.
- Black finds it difficult to get active in the game.
If you are a complete beginner and are looking through websites to get knowledge on chess, then this website is best for you. You can learn the essential rules, tips, and tricks for chess. Click on the articles below.