A stalemate in chess is similar to a draw. If two teams are tied during a game, it ends in a draw.
Players might use the rule of Stalemate to end a game in a Draw instead of losing . If they do not have adequate pieces to win and are in an inferior position to the other player.
For example, a lucky player of pieces will attempt to create a Stalemate by using some chess tricks to avoid losing the game, resulting in a Draw. Stalemates are similar to Checkmates on the surface…but with one big difference: There’s no King in check! With a Stalemate, the King is powerless to move – he has no Safe Squares. A Stalemate happens when there are no legal moves, just like Checkmate. Regardless of the position of the king, since it is not threatened, the attacker cannot claim victory, and the game is declared a Draw!
Most common Stalemate
The most common stalemate in chess happens when the queen blocks all the squares near the king, therefore causing it into a stalemate.
History of Stalemate Chess
Chess is an international game played all over the world. The International Olympic Committee has recognized and tweeted that chess is a sport. Even though we know chess to be just a game and not a sport. In the 19th century, a stalemate was standardized as a draw. Before this standardization, its treatment varied widely, including being deemed a win for the stalled player, a half-win, or a loss for that player; not being permitted, or resulting in the player missing a turn. In some regional chess variants, stalemating moves are not permitted.
GM Viswanathan Anand faced Russian GM Alexey Dreev in another game played in 1991 and was in a bad situation. As a novel way of drawing the game, Dreev had to capture the a-pawn by threatening to promote his last two moving pawns. The Russian grandmaster, however, lost this battle in a tragic way due to a stalemate.
In 1950, the prize-winning entry in the New Statesman competition was ‘The stalemate is the punishment for mauling without killing.
However, World champion Vasily Smyslov (1957-1958) overlooked something that would have led to a draw.
Despite a good game by the minor pieces (bishop and knight), the major piece (the rook) will be defeated and the pawn at g2 will be lost. But Bisguier managed to force the stalemate by springing a startling trap.
Even World Chess Championship games have ended in stalemate.
Why does the Stalemate matters?
If you are a player of chess you might know the frustration that happens when you are about to win. But because of your just one wrong move the match ends in a draw. So for a good player it is very important to look for the opportunities that your opponent is plotting against you to cause a stalemate so that the match ends in a draw.
A stalemate is inevitable from time to time, especially in pawn endgames. As an example, when a player in difficulty plays a king and a marginal pawn against a king, the player moves the king to the square where the enemy pawn should be promoted.
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