Chess is one of the best mind-challenging games in the world. In order to play, you must know the chess pieces names. The chessboard consists of 64 squares and a total of 32 pieces. Each player has a total of 16 pieces. Overall it has two opposing sides, white and dark-colored squares.
Chess pieces are designed in multiple types of styles but the standard one is “Staunton”.
Moves of Pieces
The rules of chess describe the whole meaning of chess. How a chess player can move its pieces in different directions, take turns and checkmate to win.
Each player has 16 pieces:
- 1 King
- 1 Queen
- 2 Rooks (or Castles)
- 2 Bishops
- 2 Knights
- 8 Pawns
Now you have learned the chess pieces names, you are ready to go with your chess next moves.
King was called “Rajah” in India, “Shah” in Persia. The king is the most important piece in chess. The target of the game is to checkmate the opponent’s King. The King can move one unoccupied square in any direction.
The Queen was originally known as “Mantri” in India. It can move diagonally, horizontally, vertically, and straight to any number of squares in one move. It is known as the best piece in chess and more powerful than any other piece.
In the beginning, the bishop was known as “AL-Fil” which means Elephant. There are two Bishops in chess that are placed on white and black squares each. It can only move diagonally so long as it is not obstructed by other pieces.
A Knight was originally known as “Horse” in India and Arab also. There are two Knights on each side of the King in chess and it moves in L-shape and can jump over other pieces.
Rook was originally known as “Ratha” which means Chariot. It can move to any number of vacant squares horizontally, vertically, backward, and forward in a single move. It also takes part with the King, in a special move known as Castling.
Pawn was known as “Padati” which means foot soldier. There are 8 pawns in chess and it is the weakest piece in chess and can’t move backward. It can move forward two squares on its first move. Pawns can also move diagonally forward only when capturing an opponent’s piece.
Castling in Chess
In castling, the King is moved two squares and then the Rook is placed upon that square from where the King is jumped. But the King or Rook after Castling would be exposed to capture.
You can also read our other articles on chess below.